The Scales Resource Corner
Although these articles do not necessarily reflect anyone’s opinion (either hers or the show’s). These resources are to be used as general information on the topic and are not to be substituted for professional advice.
FYI – Children of Incarcerated Parents Resources JUNE 22, 2011
Resources for Service Providers & Child Welfare Agencies
Incarcerated Parents and Parents in Residential Substance Abuse Treatment with Children in Foster Care: Termination of Parental Rights and Other Issues (Administrative Directive (ADM) from the New York State Office of Children and Family Services/11-OCFS-ADM-07) The purpose of this ADM is to inform social services districts and voluntary authorized agencies about Chapter 113 of the Laws of 2010, which was signed into law on June 15, 2010. Chapter 113 amends Social Services Law 384-b by adding additional considerations to the requirement that social services districts file petitions to terminate parental rights (TPR) when a child has been in foster care for 15 of the most recent 22 months. An exception to the requirement to file a TPR may apply to some parents who are currently incarcerated or in a residential substance abuse treatment program or to parents whose past term of incarceration or participation in a residential substance abuse treatment program was a significant factor in the child’s remaining in foster care for 15 of the most recent 22 months. In such cases, before filing a TPR petition, the agency must assess whether the parent has maintained a meaningful role in the child’s life and whether terminating the parent’s rights is in the child’s best interests.
Youth Leadership Toolkit (website, 2011). The National Resource Center for Youth Development website features Youth Leadership Toolkits on the following topics: Member Outreach; Public Speaking; Strategic Sharing; Travel Guide; Youth Engagement; Branding and Logos; and, Focus Groups.
Getting Out & Staying Out: A Guide to San Francisco Resources for People Leaving Jails and Prisons (The Reentry Council of San Francisco, 2010/2011 edition)
New Resource for Transwomen in Prison (TGI Justice Project, March 2011, 8 pages). Written by and for transgendered women who are serving time in a California State Prison where people are assigned to an institution for males or females based on his/her biological sex and without consideration of his/her gender identity. Compiled with the support of SF Department of Public Health’s Forensic AIDS Project and the TGI Justice Project, this guide is available here to share and distribute freely to anyone who may benefit.
Study: Racial Bias May Influence Child Welfare Decisions (University of Illinois News Release, June 13, 2011) Racial bias may contribute to the overrepresentation of African-American children in the child welfare system, a new study says. The study’s findings demonstrate a complex relationship between children’s race, poverty, and caseworkers’ assessment of risk in the decision-making process, says lead author Alan Dettlaff, assistant professor in the Jane Addams College of Social Work at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Recent research suggested that racial bias was not a source of the overrepresentation of African-American children in the child welfare system, but that poverty and other risk factors were, Dettlaff said. But the results of the new study “demonstrate that racial bias does exist in the decisions made by child protection agencies, even after accounting for the influence of poverty and other risk factors,” he said. Dettlaff and his colleagues examined reports of alleged maltreatment with substantiation decisions from the Texas Department of Family and Protective Services from 2003 to 2005. The study, appearing online in the journal Children and Youth Services Review, shows that racial disparity in the child welfare system cannot be attributed to a single factor. It showed that although poverty is an important factor that may contribute to the overrepresentation of African-American children in the child welfare system, racial bias in child protection agencies needs to be considered because it may lead to inequitable treatment of children and families.
A Courtroom Unlike Any Other – Santa Clara County’s Parolee Reentry Court is a Casey Study in Reducing Prison Recidivism (California Senate Office of Oversight and Outcomes, June 1, 2011)
Racial Gaps in Early Childhood: Socio-emotional Health, Developmental, and Educational Outcomes Among African-American Boy (National Center on Children in Poverty, May 2011) African-American infant boys with mothers who provided them with toys are more than twice as likely to exhibit above average socio-emotional development than boys with mothers who did not provide toys. This is particularly relevant today because so many American families are struggling to make ends meet, and toys aren’t necessarily high on their necessities list.
The National Fatherhood Initiative – Data on the Consequences of Father Absence. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 24 million children in America — one out of three — live in biological father-absent homes. Consequently, there is a “father factor” in nearly all of the social issues facing America today. Data on the effects of father absence on: poverty, maternal and child health, incarceration, crime, teen pregnancy, child abuse, drug and alcohol abuse, education, and childhood obesity are included on this website.
News & Opinions
Protecting Children in Tough Economic Times: What Can the United States Learn from Britain? (First Focus, June 16, 2011) Following a successful, decade-long campaign to reduce child poverty by half, author Jane Waldfogel, Ph.D. of Columbia University and London School of Economics, documents the concrete steps taken by the United Kingdom to maintain its commitment to reduce child poverty in the midst of deficit reduction, even following a change in government. The U.K. preserved its commitment to fighting child poverty right up through the recession – through a set of income support policies that preserved and increased supports for low-income children, as well as critical investments in children in the areas of education, early learning, and development. The paper also outlines the parallels the United States can consider as it faces similar challenges with budget negotiations and deficit reduction.
OP ED – California Prison Overhaul: Just Best Administered Local (by David Muhammad, New America Media, June 16, 2011). A new California law, AB109, could answer the US Supreme Court’s order to stop prison overcrowding. Bu the state’s funding plan could penalize innovative counties by rewarding counties who have sent large numbers of people to prison while penalizing counties, such as Alameda, which have been more creative at providing alternatives and interventions other than state prison.
‘Political paralysis’ in Calif. over prison reform (Marisa Lagos, San Francisco Chronicle, June 13, 2011). As California deeply cut spending for public schools, social services and health programs in recent years, state leaders also found themselves grappling with a court order to reduce the prison population by tens of thousands of inmates.
Running Away from Foster Care: Youths’ Knowledge and Access of Services (The National Runaway Switchboard, April 2011). New research suggests that youth who have had multiple foster care placements are more likely to run away from their homes than youth who have only been placed once in a foster care setting. Most runaway youth leave within the first 6 months of being placed, and that most of these youth have run away multiple times, with 25 percent running away more than 10 times.
Opinion: Judge’s unique approach could save state millions (By Dorothy Korber Special to the Mercury News , 06/16/2011) A San Jose judge is on a crusade to improve California’s prison recidivism rate one parolee at a time. Judge Stephen Manley, known for his swashbuckler’s eye patch and freewheeling style, runs a pilot program for parolees in Santa Clara County Superior Court. Now, Manley proposes to bring these re-entry courts to every county in the state.
‘A Courtroom Unlike Any other’ Santa Clara County’s Parolee Reentry Court is a Case Study in Reducing Prison Recidivism – A Report Prepared for the California Senate Rules Committee (June 1, 2011, 22 pages)
Folsom Prison Inmates Get A Joyful Early Fathers Day (By Mark Glover, Sacramento Bee, June 14, 2011) Beaming smiles, tears of joy and the sound of children’s laughter were prevalent Saturday at Folsom State Prison. Or as a prison guard and an inmate identically described it: “Not just another day.”
Call Off the Global Drug War (By Jimmy Carter, The New York Times, June 17, 2011) In an extraordinary new initiative announced earlier this month, the Global Commission on Drug Policy has made some courageous and profoundly important recommendations in a report on how to bring more effective control over the illicit drug trade. The commission includes the former presidents or prime ministers of five countries, a former secretary general of the United Nations, human rights leaders, and business and government leaders, including Richard Branson, George P. Shultz and Paul A. Volcker.
PRESS RELEASE – Leahy, Portman Introduce Bill to Help States Keep Ex-Offenders from Returning To Crime (June 20, 2011). Senator Patrick Leah (D-VT) and Senator Rob Portman (R-Ohio) introduced the Second Chance Reauthorization Act on Monday. The legislation seeks to improve existing assistance programs to help state and local authorities more successfully reintegrate prisoners into their communities and reduce the rate of repeat offenses.
Trainings and Conferences
FREE WEBINAR – Achieving Successful Outcomes with Justice-Involved Women: A Review of the Research, Tools and Resources for Practitioners (The Bureau of Justice Assistance’s National Training and Technical Assistance Center, July 12, 2011 from 2-3pm EDT). Presented by Becki Ney, Project Director for the National Resource Center on Justice Involved Women, Georgia Lerner, Executive Director of the Women’s Prison Association, and Patricia Van Voorhis, Professor of Criminal Justice at the University of Cincinnati.
Although these articles do not necessarily reflect anyone’s opinion (either hers or the show’s). These resources are to be used as general information on the topic and are not to be substituted for professional advice.
FYI – Children of Incarcerated Parents Resources MAY 21, 2011
Policy and Research
Uniting Our Voices for Immigrant Children of Incarcerated Parents (Yali Lincroft, First Focus blog, May 10, 2011). Immigrant advocates often use phrases such as “innocent” or “they are not criminals” when they are defending immigrant detainees. However, these statements are actually problematic since they fracture solidarities between marginalized populations and create frictions between immigrants and laborers, prisoners, and other native residents.
Setting an Agenda for Family-Focused Justice Reform (Margaret diZerega and Jules Verdone, Vera Institute of Justice, May 2011, 20 pages). Vera’s Family Justice Program convened a group of experts in juvenile justice, criminal justice, and allied fields to discuss effective family-focused policies and practices and identify existing gaps. A new report presents their recommendations, with a list of steps government and community-based organizations can take to adopt a strength-based approach that is multidisciplinary, defines family broadly, and is applicable throughout people’s involvement in the justice system—from arrest to court to incarceration to their return to the community.
Piloting a Tool for Reentry: A Promising Approach to Engaging Family Members (Margaret diZerega and Sandra Villalobos Agudelo, Vera Institute of Justice, March 2011, 16 pages). Research shows that incarcerated individuals who maintain contact with supportive family members have better outcomes—such as stable housing and employment—when they return to the community. Yet many people who work in corrections do not know how to help individuals on their caseload draw on these social supports. This report describes the Family Justice Program’s Reentry Is Relational project, which implemented the Relational Inquiry Tool (RIT)—a series of questions designed to prompt conversations with incarcerated men and women about the supportive people in their lives—in prisons in Oklahoma and New Mexico. The report also discusses results from surveys and interviews with incarcerated men and women and their family members that were conducted as part of the implementation process.
Costs and Consequences: The High Price of Policing Immigrant Communities (ACLU of Northern California, Feb 2011). This report explores the costs and consequences of local enforcement of federal immigration law, including the incidental costs incurred by local law enforcement through discretionary enforcement decisions.
Trafficked Teens Have New Hope (CWLA Children’s Voices, Jan/Feb 2011). Programs and legislation aim to decrease sex trafficking in the nation’s capital.
100 Girls: A Preliminary Look at the Lives and Outcomes of Young Women Incarcerated in San Francisco Juvenile Hall (Youth Justice Institute, 2011). Utilizing a database of over 1,200 names from the intakes forms from almost all young women detained in SF Juvenile Hall, the samples for this report is based on 100 young women pulled from this database, 50 at random and 50 who were well-know to YJI staff.
A Call to Action on Behalf of Maltreated Infants and Toddlers (Zero to Three, 2011).
YES! Magazine – Beyond Prison Issue (Summer 2011) Articles in this issue include:
… Why Real Justice Means Fewer Prisons – Fixing a broken prison system can help build a new movement for justice (by Michelle Alexander)
… Don’t Punish Pain – What brain science tells us about addiction, and why compassion is the only solution (by Gabor Mate)
… Just the Facts: It’s a Locking-People-Up Problem – The American problem with mass incarceration is less about crime than it is about how – and who – we lock up (by Robert Mellinger and Doug Pibel)
… Righting Wrongs, the Maori Way – New Zealand confronts a crisis of youth crime by turning to Maori traditions (by Allan McRae and Howard Zehr)
… Can Prison be a Healing Place? Hawaii’s only women’s prison houses mothers, addicts, and abuse victims. How one warden stopped the punishment and is helping them recover (by Sarah van Gelder)
… Who’s Reaching in to Help Out – Bringing hope – and family visits, dogs, and mediation – into prisons (by Stuart Glascock)
Illinois House Bill 1958 – PREGNANT PRISONER-RESTRAINTS (As of May 5, 2011 – passed the Illinois House and is now waiting vote in the Illinois State Senate) – Provides that a county department of corrections and the Illinois Department of Corrections shall not apply security restraints to a prisoner that has been determined by a qualified medical professional to be pregnant and is known by the county department of corrections or the Illinois Department of Corrections to be pregnant or in postpartum recovery, unless the corrections official makes an individualized determination that the prisoner presents a substantial flight risk or some other extraordinary circumstance that dictates security restraints be used to ensure the safety and security of the prisoner, her child or unborn child, the staff of the Illinois Department of Corrections, a county department of corrections, or the medical facility, other prisoners, or the public.
Webinar on Using Screening and Assessment to Improve Treatment for Justice-Involved Individuals
(National Reentry Resource Center, June 2, 2011). A free webinar on incorporating screening and assessment into addiction and co-occurring mental health treatment. Presenters: Kevin Knight, Ph.D., Associate Director for Criminal Justice Studies, Institute of Behavioral Research, Texas Christian University and Janelle Prueter, Director of Corrections Transition Programs, TASC Illinois.
News and Opinion
Crime Victims may be entitled to millions (News 10, May 18, 2011). Millions await California crime victims, but too often the money sits untouched, because they don’t know criminals have paid money into a special account on their behalf.
Reality TV: Prison shows break new ground with female inmates (By Robert Ito, Special to the Los Angeles Times, May 15, 2011) More women are seen in prison shows such as ‘Cell Block 6: Female Lock Up,’ ‘Babies Behind Bars’ and ‘Beyond Scared Straight.’ With them comes more emphasis on rehabilitation and transformation.
Babies Behind Bars on TLC (2011). Documentary series following mothers who are locked up inside the Indiana Women’s Prison.
In Prison Reform, Money Trumps Civil Rights (by Michelle Alexander, New York Times Opinion, May 15, 2011).
Mother’s Day like no other – in prison St. Joseph sisters’ program brings children to incarcerated mothers (By Tom Roberts, National Catholic Reporter, May. 07, 2011)
Devaughndre Broussard: The Road to Double Murder (New America Media, May 20, 2011)
Although these articles do not necessarily reflect anyone’s opinion (either hers or the show’s). These resources are to be used as general information on the topic and are not to be substituted for professional advice.
FYI – Children of Incarcerated Parents Resources MAY 9 2011
Mothers of Bedford (Documentary, 2011). This film examines the struggles and joys five women face as prisoners and mothers. It shows the normal frustrations of parenting as well as the surreal experiences of a child’s first birthday party inside prison, the cell that the child lives in with her mother, and the biggest celebration of the year, Mother’s Day, in prison.
Ella Baker Center for Human Rights makes film, wins award (Oakland Tribune, April 19, 2011) -This 20-minute film highlights the injustices and solutions to California’s youth prison problem and has won a 2010 Prevention for a Safer Society award.
From Place to Place (Feature Film, 2011) – The feature documentary From Place to Place tells the story of the invisible children who grow up in America’s foster care system. The film follows the lives of three former foster youth – Raif, Mandy, and Micah – for over two years as they struggle to make it on their own, find their voice and impact the system. Raif hits the streets in search of love and happiness, Mandy passes the GED and goes to college, and Micah is sentenced to three years in jail. The film takes an unexpected turn when Mandy and Raif are invited to Washington DC to present their stories to The Senate Caucus on Foster Youth. The power of their voice sets in motion a chain of events that culminates with The Senate Caucus on Foster Youth announcing a Call to Action for comprehensive reform to America’s foster care system.
RESOURCES FOR SERVICE PROVIDERS
NEW – Friends Outside presence on Facebook.
The Messages Project is focused on children left behind when a parent is incarcerated in Virginia. Three times a year, the Message Project creates videotapes from incarcerated parents to their children and families, often with a book or poems. The mission is to maintain, or in many cases re-build, the connection between imprisoned parents and the children that are left behind.
First Focus Fact Sheet – Children of Incarcerated Parents (by Yali Lincroft, May 2, 2011) – The United States leads the world in rates of incarceration, with one in every American adults residing in jail or prison. Sixty-three percent of federal prisoners and fifty-five percent of state prisoners are parents of children under age 18. This fact sheet examines the effect that having an incarcerated parent has on a child and provides recommendations for reforms.
NEW – Re-entry Mythbusters – (Federal Re-entry Resource Center, May 2, 2011) – These one pagers are designed to clarify existing federal policies that affect formerly incarcerated individuals and their families. Topics covered include public housing, access to federal benefits, parental rights, employer incentives, child support, etc.
See “Re entry Myth Buster: Child welfare agencies are required to terminate parental rights if a parent is incarcerated.”
Criminal Alien Statistics – Information on Incarcerations, Arrest, and Costs (GAO, March 2011)
Welfare Reform at Age 15: A Vanishing Safety Net for Women and Children (Legal Momentum, April 2011) – In 1996, the federal government “ended welfare as we know it,” replacing Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) with the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Program. A new report argues that over the last fifteen years, TANF has utterly failed to offer its recipients – mostly children and single mothers – a path out of poverty.
Who Are America’s Poor Children? The Official Story (National Center for Children in Poverty, March 2011, 6 pages). This fact sheet describes some of the characteristics of American children who are considered poor by the official standard.
California Legislation – AB 568 (Skinner) – Stop shackling of pregnant prisons. This bill will put an end to the shackling of pregnant people during transport to and from juvenile and adult correctional facilities. The bill requires the Corrections Standards Authority to develop standards for state and county facilities that limit the use of shackles on pregnant women during transport.
California Legislation – AB 828 (Swanson) – Nutritional Assistance for Families Act. This bill would lift the lifetime ban on CalFresh assistance for people with prior low-level drug convictions.
Hope for prisoners sentenced as juveniles to life without parole (San Francisco Bay View, May 6, 2011) – What could be more terrifying than to be a child locked up for life in an adult prison?“True prison reform starts with the enlightenment of the inmate about who that inmate is in reality and not what he or she has become because of circumstances,” says the Honorable Minister Farrakhan.
NEWS & OPINIONS
Tanya McDowell Pleads Not Guilty to ‘Stealing’ Son’s Education (Colorlines, April 27, 2011). A homeless mom faces 20 years in jail for using a friend’s address to send her 5-year-old to school.
Shackled mom wins case – Damages coming for Metro, sheriff (The Tennessean, April 28, 2011)
A federal judge has ruled in favor of a Nashville mother who triggered a national outcry after she was shackled during labor and after giving birth while in custody of the Davidson County Sheriff’s Office.
In Calif. Town, Prison May Fix One Employment Problem, But Create Another
– (PBS, May 5, 2011). “The small California farm town of Mendota is struggling to diversify its economy, which revolves around seasonal agricultural work that creates times of very high unemployment. University of California, Berkeley student Alissa Figueroa reports on one solution that could also create a big problem for farms and their workers.”
– Children of Incarcerated Parents Resources APRIL 26, 2011
RESOURCES FOR SERVICE PROVIDERS
Family Members Behind Bars: Difficult Questions Children Ask…and Answers the Might Help. (Arizona KARE Family Center, January 2011, 64 pages, Available in English and Spanish)
NOTE: This excellent new resource manual was written to guide caregivers helping children understand and cope with the impact of having a parent or other loved one arrested and imprisoned. Includes practical information about criminal justice practice, contact information, etc.
The New York KinGAP, the Kinship guardianship assistance program, went into effect in NY State on April 1st. and the NY Office of Children and Family Services has just posted a new publication, entitled Know Your Permanency Options: The Kinship Guardianship Assistance Program (KinGAP).
A statewide Directory of Services for Native American Families is available on the California Courts website. The Directory contains contact information on services to assist Indian children and families. Search by county, service type or both.
“What’s Happening in Court? An Activity Book for Children Who Are Going to Court in California” (Judicial Council of California, Available in English and Spanish). This book is for children coming to court – whether as witnesses, visitors, or involved in a case – and introduces them to the court process. It is meant as a teaching tool that may foster conversation between children and adults about the court system, and a game book that gives children who are in court something to do while they wait.
NEW Online Resources – 11 Modules and Resources for in-person Training on Cases Involving Adult Victims of Sexual Assault (National Judicial Education Program (NJEP)
These materials provide information and valuable resources that will be useful to judges and individuals from a broad range of disciplines. The objective is to educate on the difficult issues that arise in criminal and civil cases involving sexual assault and intimate partner violence. Registration is free and open to all.
NJEP’s has also developed a new publication as a featured component of the Materials for New Judges curriculum, “Judges Tell: What I Wish I Had Known Before I Presided in an Adult Victim Sexual Assault Case.” This publication presents a compendium of 25 points and commentary on key issues related to adult victim sexual assault. Judges Tell was developed by NJEP in conjunction with judges experienced in presiding in adult victim sexual assault cases.
The Cost-Benefit Knowledge Bank for Criminal Justice (Bureau of Justice Assistance) — provides useful resources for justice practitioners and policymakers interested in using cost-benefit analysis methods and applications to better evaluate the economic impact of criminal justice policy choices.
(California Assembly AB 877 – Skinner) Vehicles: Nonfelony offenses and infraction – removal of records.
Relieves barriers to reentry, current law allows for the dismissal of any non felony violations of the California Vehicle Code for people who serve time at CA Dept of Corrections and Rehabilitation or Youth Authority. AB 877 would extend eligibility for this relief to people sentenced to six months or more in county jail.
(California Assembly AB 1087 – Ammiano) – State Government/Federal Enforcement
This bill honors local governments’ right to opt out of the so-called “Secure Communities” Program (S-Comm), a controversial Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) program that automatically shares with ICE all fingerprints taken by law enforcement.
SSB 5168 Signed into Law: Redefines the Maximum Sentence for a Gross Misdemeanor to 364 Days
Washington State Law Helps Avoid Aggravated Felony Classification (Law Professor Blog – April 19, 2011)
Today, Gov. Gregoire signs into law SSB 5168, which redefines the maximum sentence that a person can receive for a gross misdemeanor to 364 days. Many crimes for which a person is sentenced to more than 364 days, regardless of whether those days are imposed, results in automatic deportation for non-citizen residents as “aggravated felons”. By reducing the maximum sentence for a gross misdemeanor to 364 days, misdemeanor sentencing is brought into line with sentencing for many of the same felonies, where under the SRA, many violent and non-violent felonies result in determinate sentences of less than one year, meaning that they do not trigger the automatic deportation criteria for “aggravated felonies.”
Multiple Responses, Promising Results: Evidence-Based, Nonpunitive Alternatives to Zero Tolerance (Child Trend, March 1, 2011)
The National Center for Justice Planning (NCJP), a cooperative effort between the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) U.S. Department of Justice and the National Criminal Justice Association (NCJA) will support state, tribal, and local efforts to institutionalize comprehensive approaches to community-based strategic planning for justice. (NOTE: the website section under “Corrections and Community” include links to female offender/alternative sentencing programs listed by States)
NEWS AND OPINIONS
“Double Jeopardy: Seniors Facing Hardships Hit by Budget Cuts” (New America Media, April 25, 2011)
“California Leads the Nation in Imprisoning Criminal Immigrants” (SF Weekly, Monday, April 25, 2011)
“Juvenile Hall Population Falls 35 Percent” (The Downey Patriot, April 21, 2011). The population of all three Los Angeles County juvenile halls has fallen 35 percent since 2009.
“Criminal Minds: A Psychiatrist’s View from Inside Prison” (from LiveScience, April 21, 2011)
Culture, Violence, and African American Youths
Social Work Today (March/April 2011)
“Study: Preschool education reduces crime” (KPAX News, April 21, 2011) – A recently released study shows that children who participate in early education, such as Head Start, are less likely to commit crimes when they’re older.
“Purdy” (May 8, 2011 at 10:30pm) Purdy is an intimate portrait of five offender mothers and their infants. The film explores the struggles of raising a child in an institution, the challenges that the women face as they prepare to re-enter the community, and the joy that these women experience as the bond develops between their infants and them.
Charities Brace for Cuts After Government Budget Battle (Chronicle of Philanthropy, 4/18/11)
This month’s budget battle between Congress and the White House over how much the government will spend in the current fiscal year, already more than half over, as well as the budget plan for 2012 released by House Republicans has made it clear to non-profits that funding for programs to help low-income people, promote the arts, alleviate poverty overseas, and provide a range of other services is in jeopardy, the Chronicle of Philanthropy reports.
EXCERPT FROM NATIONAL RE ENTRY RESOURCE CENTER (APRIL 18, 2011)
On Thursday the House passed the continuing resolution (CR) for the rest of the fiscal year by a 260-167 vote. The Senate followed quickly with a 81-19 vote, avoiding a government shutdown.
All Department of Justice (DOJ) programs were cut by 17 percent. Several programs were exempt from this cut, including the Office of Violence Against Women, National Institute of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Regional Information Sharing Systems, Justice for All, and the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children’s programs.
Council of State Government Justice Center priority programs—the Second Chance Act program, the Mentally Ill Offender Treatment and Crime Reduction Act (MIOTCRA) program, and the Justice Reinvestment program—fall under state and local law enforcement assistance programs, which were cut by $434 million from the FY10 levels.
A summary of key programs follows:
…Second Chance Act (FY2010 Funding – $100 m/FY 2011 Funding $83 m)
… Mentally Ill Offender Treatment and Crime Reduction Program (FY2010 Funding $12 m/FY 2011 Funding $9.6 m)
… Justice Reinvestment (FY 2010 Funding $10 m/FY 2011 Funding $8.3 m)
From Social Workers SPEAK – National Association of Social Worker (NASW) Website
BREAKING DOWN THE BARS/ROCKVILLE – A Social Worker’s Struggle – OWN TV
The finale of “Breaking Down the Bars,” a reality program that follows inmates and workers at the Rockville prison in Indiana, airs its season finale this Tuesday at 9 p.m. on the Oprah Winfrey Network.
To watch a program excerpt, click here
New York State Office of Children’s Services – Chapters of Interest (2010)
Incarcerated parents – Chapter 113 of 2010 (A.5462-A/S.2233-A; Aubry/Montgomery)
Future Care Planning – A Road Map for Family Caregivers (Feb 2010, 72 Pages) This guide by the University of Arizona – Dept of Family and Community Medicine is geared for family caregivers caring for a person with developmental disabilities.
Getting Out & Staying Out: A Guide to San Francisco Resources for People Leaving Jails and Prisons (2010/2011 Edition, 234 pages) –This publication focuses on resources for individuals reintegrating into San Francisco communities after incarceration.
NEW POLICY REPORT FROM PEW CENTER ON THE STATES
State of Recidivism: The Revolving Door of America’s Prisons (April 2011, 42 pages)
Pew Finds Four in 10 Offenders Return to Prison Within Three Years
Despite massive increases in state spending on prisons, America’s national recidivism rate is stubbornly high, with more than four in 10 offenders returned to state prison within three years of their release, according to a new report by the Pew Center on the States.
Jail Inmates at Midyear 2010 – Statistical Tables
Bureau of Justice Statistics, April 14, 2011
The Bureau of Justice Statistics released its annual report on jail populations and found that the local jail inmate population in the U.S. declined for the second consecutive year.
Stopping the Rail to Jail – The Foundations of a Movement Called Community Justice Network for Youth (CJNY) by the W. Haywood Burns Institute (2010, 32 pages). CJNY is comprised of 140 community-based programs in 21 states who collectively share one vision: To promote the availability of effective and culturally appropriate programming for youth of color and poor communities.
Criminalizing the Classroom – The Over-Policing of New York City Schools
NEWS AND OPINIONS
States making juvenile detention more localized
By Martha Moore, USA Today, 3/16/2011
James Bell, W. Haywood Burns Institute, receives prestigious MacArthur grant (JDAI News, Spring 2011)
Viewpoints: Put focus on women for state prison reform
By Judy Patrick, President, The Women’s Foundation of California
Special to the Sacramento Bee, April 9, 2011
How do we reduce the number of people returning to prison and the costs associated with incarceration? Let’s start with women.
California prison reform should start with women
Timothy P. Silard,Lateefah Simon
San Francisco ChronicleApril 4, 2011 04:00 AM Copyright San Francisco Chronicle. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.Tuesday, April 5, 2011, SF Gate
If we want to fix California’s broken criminal justice system, let’s start by changing our approach to incarcerating and rehabilitating women.
Newly Born and Stigmatized: NYT Fail on Pregnant Women and Drug Use
By Lynn Paltrow, National Advocates for Pregnant Women (NAPW), April11 2011
Like the early stories in the New York Times about prenatal exposure to cocaine, the recent New York Times story, Newly Born, and Withdrawing from Pain Killers relies on anecdote and innuendo to focus attention on pregnant drug users rather than actual facts, lessons learned, or the real economic and ethical issues that need to be addressed.
The Press-Enterprise, Sunday, April 10, 2011
Successful criminal justice policy requires more than a promising plan built on a rickety, unfinished foundation. Shifting low-level felons and parolees to local oversight could cut costs and improve public safety.
States: Food Stamp, Welfare Bans for Drug Felons Counterproductive
America’s Wire, News Analysis, Marjorie Valbrun, Posted: Apr 09, 2011
WASHINGTON, D. C.—When the landmark welfare reform law was enacted in 1996, the political rallying cry was “ending welfare as we know it.” Today, a move is underway to rescind some of the law’s punitive measures, such as provisions that permit states to deny welfare benefits and food stamps to people convicted of felony drug crimes.
Each week Yali Lincroft, policy expert and friend of the show, compiles current articles looking at issues surrounding children of the incarcerated. One goal of Heart to Heart is to promote an informed discussion about topics and policies that affect children with incarcerated parents.
Misplaced Priorities – A New Report from the NAACP (April 7, 2011, 62 pages)
Educate or incarcerate? NAACP pushes states to shift priorities.
By Stacy Teicher Khadaroo, April 7, 2011, Christian Science Monitor
Sixth-graders glimpse a stark choice when they climb aboard a specially-equipped school bus that’s touring Mississippi: Stay in school, or you might end up in a jail cell like the one replicated at the back of the bus, complete with sink and toilet.
NAACP: U.S. Prisons Funded At Expense Of Education
NPR — The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) says for too long, states have focused on incarceration at the expense of education. A new report released today by the group, connects incarceration rates with poorly performing schools.
Decline in blacks in prison for drug crimes reverses 25 –year trend
Reduced crack use and criminal justice reforms may have contributed to the 20 percent drop
By Alexandra Marks, Staff writer of The Christian Science Monitor, posted April 14, 2009
New York/For the first time in a quarter century, the number of African-Americans incarcerated for drug offenses in state prisons has declined more than 20 percent while the number of white imprisoned drug offenders has increased more than 40 percent.
THE NEW YORKER – A Reporter at Large – The Poverty Clinic
Can a stressful childhood make you a sick adult? by Paul Tough, The New Yorker, 2011-03-23
Read more http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2011/03/21/110321fa_fact_tough#ixzz1HR66XZ8g
ABSTRACT: A REPORTER AT LARGE about Nadine Burke and research on how childhood trauma affects adult health. Monisha Sullivan first visited the Bayview Child Health Center a few days before Christmas, in 2008.
HANDOUTS from the Maine Parenting Relatives Mental Health and Substance Abuse Project – Generations United-Funded Project
WORKING WITH KINSHIP FAMILIES: REFLECTIONS OF A CLINICIAN
By Bonny Dodson, LCSW, Article Series #1
WHAT IS SUPPORT TO RELATIVE PARENTS?
By Sue Burgess, LCPC, Article Series #2
A Grandmother Describes Her Adjustment to Parenting Her Grandchildren
By Anonymous, Article Series #3
Developing Rural Relatives as Parents Programming: Promising Practices
By University of Maine Center on Aging & The Brookdale Foundation Group (April 2010, 52 pages)
Below you will find contact information to Fanya Baruti and Susan who fought tirelessly until they passed the law of “Ban The Box”.
Links to guests that appeared on Urban Voices for Justice on Sunday April 3, 2011. Fanya Baruti and Susan…
A Recommended Read: The New Jim Crow By Michelle Alexander
323-563-3575 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting 323-563-3575 end_of_the_skype_highlighting Susan’s Office #
323-357-8431 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting 323-357-8431 end_of_the_skype_highlighting – Fanya’s Office #
FYI’s from Yali Lincroft – Children of Incarcerated Parents Resources MAR 17 2011
California Legislation AB568 (Skinner) – Limiting Use of Shackles on Pregnant Inmate
Existing Law: Current law mandates that no pregnant inmate may be shackled or handcuffed (by the legs or wrists) while being transported to a hospital or at any time while in labor, giving birth, or recovering from delivery (See Penal code 3423, 5007.7, 6030(f)). Further the Corrections Standards Authority (CSA) is tasked with developing minimum standards for state and local correctional facilities (See Penal Code 6030). However, current law does not address unsafe restraints practices used on women throughout their pregnancy.
Problem: While the passage of AB 478 (Lieber, 2005) intended to limit harmful restraints on pregnant inmates during labor, not all facilities have implemented policies that require officers to use least restrictive restraints. Currently, nearly two-thirds of county jails shackle pregnant women in ways that could cause miscarriage or other injuries.(1) California has the third largest population of incarcerated women in the country. Tens of thousands of women go through county jails every year and an average of 4-7% are pregnant at some point in their custody. (2) Pregnant women are frequently shackled by the ankles, wrists, belly, behind the back, and even to another person while being transported to and from a correctional facility. Most pregnant women receive sentences of less than 1 year in duration, often for first-time nonviolent, non-serious offenses. (3) Nevertheless, women as far along as 8 ½ months pregnant have been shackled in the most restrictive ways. Pregnant women in correctional facilities are more likely to experience miscarriage, preeclampsia, preterm birth, and low-birth weight infants. (4) Studies indicate that the incidence of minor trauma, especially falls, increases as pregnancy progresses and excessive shackling poses undue health risks to a woman throughout her pregnancy. (5) Despite the dangers of shackling, correctional facilities have inconsistent policies and practices for restraining pregnant incarcerated women. Lastly, federal courts recently established that prison officials are in violation of pregnant incarcerated women’s rights and may be civilly liable when they act with deliberate indifference to the woman’s health and safety.(6) To avoid threatening the health of pregnant women and potential legal challenges, it is critical that policies are adopted ensuring that restraints are properly used with this vulnerable population
This Bill: AB 568 requires the Corrections Standards Authority (CSA) to clarify standards for how pregnant women are restrained in and outside of facilities. This will protect counties and the state from being sued and ensure the health and safety of incarcerated women and their pregnancy. AB 568 establishes findings that excessive shackling significantly limits a pregnant woman’s mobility and can cause serious harm to the woman and her fetus.
Support: A New Way of Life Reentry Project, ACLU (co-sponsor), American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (Sponsor), California Communities United Institute, Californians United for a Responsible Budget, Center for Young Women’s Development (co-sponsor), Community Works West, Families to Amend California’s Three Strikes, Justice Now, Legal Services for Prisoners with Children (co-sponsor), National Council of Jewish Women, Rainbow Services, Ltd., Time for Change Foundation (co-sponsor), Women’s Community Clinic
NOTE: Please contact Mailee Wang, CommunityWorks Policy Director, if your agency is interested in supporting this bill (CW.Project.WHAT@gmail.com)
Staff Contact: Sandra Trevino, Sandra.Trevino@asm.ca.gov
(1) Legal Services for Prisoners with Children survey in CA (2009).
(2) Prisoners in 2003, U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics (November 2004)
(3) Sabol W, West H, Cooper M. Prisoners in 2008. Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics; 2009.http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/pdf/p08.pdf.
(4) Kyei-Aboagye K, Vragovic O, Chong D. Birth outcome in incarcerated, high risk pregnant women. J Reprod Med. 2000;45(3):190-194
(5) Perinatal Needs of Pregnant, Incarcerated Women. Journal of Perinatal Education (Barbara A. Hotelling, Spring 2008).
(6) Nelson v. Corr. Med. Servs., 583 F.3d 522 (2009)
NEW – FEB 1, 2011 – The National Parent Helpline® is here for you and is open to parents and caregivers of children and youth of all ages.
How does the National Parent Helpline® help families?
The National Parent Helpline® is a toll free telephone service and website designed to build on the strengths of families. Helpline Advocates are available at 1-855-4A PARENT begin_of_the_skype_highlighting 1-855-4A PARENT end_of_the_skype_highlighting (1-855-427-2736 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting 1-855-427-2736 end_of_the_skype_highlighting) Monday-Friday, 10 am -7 PM Pacific Standard Time to provide emotional support and provide referrals (in both English and Spanish) resulting in the empowerment of parents and caregivers all across America. There are links to Facebook, Twitter and YouTube including comprehensive online parenting resources and a bulletin board for parents and caregivers to share their experiences to create caring communities and help others.
Grandparents Raising Grandchildren: A Call to Action
By Administration for Children’s Services, Region IV (2004, 20 pages)
Hope rises from ashes of Kirksville arson
by Kevin Chierek, Heartland Connections, KTVO, 03.01.2011
ST LOUIS – MO – The Ava’s Grace Scholarship Foundation provides scholarships for students who have a parent or primary care giver in a state or federal prison.
For full article, visit
States making juvenile detention more localized
By Martha Moore, USA TODAY, 3/16/11
Driven by budget problems, states are trying to send juvenile delinquents back where they came from. California, seeking to close a $26 billion deficit, and New York, with a $10 billion budget gap, are moving to close state youth prisons for good and instead let local governments lock up young offenders.
For full article, visit http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2011-03-16-juvenileWEB2_ST_N.htm
Panel says Calif AG should promote rehabilitation
3/16/11, San Francisco, CA, Associated Press
California Attorney General Kamala Harris should take on an expanded role by attacking the roots of crime while trying to keep parolees from returning to prison, law enforcement and reform experts said in a report and comments Wednesday. The report, requested by Harris and written by an advisory panel, also said one of the top jobs of the state’s chief law enforcement officer should be reducing recidivism. Seven of every 10 parolees return to prison within three years, even though the state spends nearly double the national average to keep inmates incarcerated and nearly a third more than the national average on supervising parolees. The skyrocketing costs consume a dime of every dollar from the state’s general fund.
For full article, visit http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=%2Fn%2Fa%2F2011%2F03%2F16%2Fstate%2Fn000410D84.DTL
City, Community Leaders To Launch Re-Entry Clinic In Western Addition
Dan McMenamin, Bay City News, March 3, 2011
City and community leaders are launching a clinic in San Francisco’s Western Addition neighborhood today that will help people with past arrests or convictions remove legal barriers that prevent them from successfully reintegrating back into society. The clinic is believed to be the first of its kind in San Francisco that specifically focuses on the issue of re-entry into society after release from the criminal justice system, said Suman Murthy of the Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights of the San Francisco Bay Area.
Navigating the post-prison bureaucracy
March 3, 2011 | 11:55 AM | By Rina Palta, KALWNEWS.org
It’s fairly well documented how the tough sentencing policies of the 1980s and 90s have contributed to unprecedented growth in the country’s prison population over the past few decades. What is less understood is why people, once in the criminal justice system, can’t seem to find their way out. California’s prison recidivism rate hovers around 70 percent; San Francisco’s is 8 points higher. Part of the issue, says Lateefah Simon of the Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights, is that along with tougher policies that have led to people entering prison, there’s been a simultaneous growth in the post-prison bureaucracy. “This system provides no reintegration,” Simon says. “That’s why we call it the rail-to-jail pipeline, people just go straight back into prison.”
For full article, visit http://informant.kalwnews.org/2011/03/navigating-the-post-prison-bureaucracy/
Huffington Post: Kids Last?
By David Kirp, Author of “Kids First” (PublicAffairs) and Berkeley public policy professor
Posted: March 2, 2011 10:46 AM
In the political arena, the old lifesaving motto is reversed: it’s “children last.” Children don’t matter because children don’t vote, the adage goes. That’s why government spends just $1 per child for every $9 it spends on seniors.
For full article, visit http://www.huffingtonpost.com/david-kirp/kids-last_b_830222.html
http://www.asistahelp.org/sonia parras konrad <email@example.com> wrote:
This is some of the info that may be useful to listeners to learn more about the topic:
… Migration and Child Welfare National Network (national coalition of child welfare organization focused on helping immigrant families – membership is FREE and includes peer-to-peer support, publications, etc)
… Detention Watch Network – SOS I Need Help
… National Network to End Violence Against Women (Resources in English/Spanish)
… Immigrant Legal Resource Center (Offer publication and phone TA, at-charge, for lawyers, judges, court staff, Know Your Rights materials in English/Spanish)
POLICY RESOURCES – RECENT HEARING:
FEB 10, 2011 – Rep. Grijalva, Rep. Gwen Moore, and Rep. Napolitano and a coalition of advocates held an ad-hoc Congressional hearing called, “Emerging Issues in Ending Violence against Immigrant Women.” A short video clip of the hearing is available at
The testimonies in the video are: Antonia Pena from Casa de MD reading the testimony of Maria Bolaños who couldn’t appear due to restrictions from ICE, Rev. Peebles, Unitarian Universalist Church of Virginia, Leslye E. Orloff from Immigrant Women’s Program of Legal Momentum and the National Network to End Violence Against Immigrant Women, and the final voice is the translated testimony of Juana Flores from Mujeres Unidas y Activas. Miriam Yeung of the National Asian Pacific American Women’s Forum and the National Coalition for Immigrant Women’s Rights also testified.
Immigrant survivors of domestic violence to testify before Congress how immigration enforcement puts abuse victims at risk
FEB 9, 2011 – LatinaLista — Tomorrow, five women will travel to Capitol Hill to deliver testimony at an ad-hoc congressional hearing examining violence against immigrant women. They will speak on behalf of the hundreds of immigrant victims of domestic violence who have been doubly victimized — first by their attackers and secondly by the U.S. federal government’s current immigration policies.
Each woman is either a victim herself of domestic violence or works with immigrant domestic violence victims.
Each one, according to their testimony released to the media, brings an underlying message to members of Congress — abused immigrant women are being treated as criminals when they should be receiving medical attention and emotional help. Also, as a result of current immigration enforcement policies, these women are opting to live with the abuse rather than call police for help.
Maria Bolaños is from El Salvador who called the police after feeling threatened by her partner.
I called the police after I had a fight with my partner and was afraid he might hurt me, thinking the police would help me. But instead, they arrested me, thinking that I was illegally selling phone cards because they saw them on the table. I was taken in, fingerprinted and had my photos taken like I was a criminal. They found I was not selling phone cards, but I was turned over to immigration.
…I feel like I made a mistake calling the police when I was afraid, and worry what will happen to all the women out there when they need help. In my community, people simply do not trust the police, especially after what happened to me. I fear for anyone facing domestic violence, or anyone that witnesses a crime, that they won’t call the police for fear of deportation.
Juana Flores is a survivor of domestic violence and also a director of Mujeres
Unidas y Activas, a Latina immigrant organization in the San Francisco Bay Area that helps thousands of women experiencing domestic violence each year.
(link to full testimony http://latinalista.net/transcripts/2011/02/testimony_of_juana_flores_mujeres_unidas.html)
With the increase in collaboration between police and immigration sweeping the country through programs like “Secure Communities” we are experiencing more and more victims who are scared to call the police, who are staying silent, and risking their lives for the fear of being arrested and then referred to immigration for deportation, which would separate them from their children and their dreams of a better life.
This is very real for my community, every day there are families experiencing the painful separation of their families… I know that if we are experiencing this in the notably progressive immigrant-friendly San Francisco Bay Area that conditions are much much worse in other parts of the country, and I am truly scared to think the lives that these policies are putting in danger.
Leslye E. Orloff, vice president and director of the Immigrant Women Program of Legal Momentum, and one of those testifying, offers congressional representatives not just examples of the abuse happening to immigrant women as a result of current immigration policies, but offers a list of suggestions that can be done now to alleviate the pain of these women.
(link to full testimony http://www.latinalista.net/palabrafinal/LeslyeOrloff_testimonyFeb10.pdf)
Suggestions range from ending the 287(g) program where local police enter into cooperative agreements with immigration officials to turn over undocumented immigrants in custody to creating sensitivity training for law enforcement officials and federal immigration agents in learning how to identify victims of domestic violence and how to treat them.
When enacting 1996 immigration reforms in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRAIRA) of 1996, Congress underscored its intent to protect battered immigrants by adding battered immigrant women and children to the categories of immigrants qualified to receive welfare benefits that prior legislation took away. IIRAIRA’s restoration of benefits for battered immigrants reflected Congress’s recognition that economic survival is a significant reason victims remain with abusers. IIRAIRA enables victims to break the cycle of economic dependency on an abusive spouse, partner, parent, or employer.
(Editor’s note: Links to additional testimony: Rev. Linda Olson Peeble;
Miriam W. Yeung,executive director of the National Asian Pacific American Women’s Forum.